By Sarah Brenner, JD
I have a copy of Your Complete Retirement Planning Road Map and find it to be an extremely useful resource. I have uncertainty regarding optimum means for funding a Health Savings Account (HSA). I am 61. In 2018, I made a one-time Qualified HSA Funding Distribution (QHFD). I’ve utilized high deductible health plans (HDHP) with HSA contributions for a number of years. I am retired. In 2019, I will have a HDHP. I hope to find an optimum means to make HSA contributions until I get to Medicare. I would like to roll money from a traditional IRA into the HSA without taking taxed distributions. I welcome any help you might provide in making HSA contributions.
As you noted in your email, a Qualified HSA Funding Distribution (QHFD) can only be done once during your lifetime. Therefore, if you did one in 2018, you cannot do anymore. However, that does not mean that you cannot continue to use your IRA to fund an HSA. It will just be a more complicated process. You can take a distribution from your IRA. It will be taxable, but not subject to penalty because you are in what we call the “sweet spot,” the period between ages 59 ½ and 70 ½ where your IRA distributions are penalty-free but not mandatory. You could then use those funds to make an HSA contribution. That contribution could be deducted on your tax return. There are no income limits for HSA contributions or deductions and you do not have to have taxable compensation. You could do this each year you remain eligible for an HSA contribution.
In the year of one’s death – and regardless of the length of time a person lives during that year – must they take (by the date of death) their ENTIRE traditional IRA – RMD for that year?
Please elaborate in your reply.
The rules are clear. If an IRA owner dies without taking their entire RMD in the year of death, the beneficiary of the IRA must take the remaining RMD by December 31 of the year of death. The year-of-death RMD is calculated as if the IRA owner were still alive, even if it is paid to the beneficiary from the inherited IRA.